Tuesday, November 1, 2011

The Panzerkampfwagen II

by Phil Gardocki

Unlike the Panzer I, the Panzer II was intended to see combat.
 
The Panzer II was originally conceived of as a scout tank.  But due to production problems with the Panzer III and Panzer IV, the Panzer II was pressed into service as the main battle tank for operations in both Poland and France.
 

Panzer II, from the Vojni Museum in Beograd.
After the French Campaign, with an increase of the production of Panzer III's and IV's, and the integration of the Czechoslovakia's T-35 and T-38 tanks, the Panzer II was religated to its orginal role as a scout tank.
 
The Panzer II's rapid firing 2 cm gun was adequate for engaging unarmored targets and other light tanks, but was next to useless against the medium tanks it faced in France and Russia. Its light armor was also found wanting against the increasingly more numerous and heavier antitank guns becoming available. However, this tank continued production to some extent until 1943. The last version, Ausf 'L', named the Lynx, had substantial armor and engine improvements, but only a minor gun upgrade.
The chassis proved to be very flexible and was used for a number of vehicles, including the Flammpanzer II, the Wespe, the Maultier Halftrack, and the Tank Destroyers, Jadgpanzer II, and Marder II.
 
 


Panzer II

Specification

Panzer II L "Lynx"

Specification

Gun

2 cm L55

Gun

2 cm L55

Weight

7 tonnes

Weight

13 tonnes

Max Hull Armor

1-3 cm

Max Hull Armor

8 cm

Fuel

Gasoline

Fuel

 Gasoline

Horsepower

140hp, 105kw

Horsepower

180hp, 135kw

Top Speed

40 kph

Top Speed

60 kph

Crew

3

Crew

3





 
 

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